Friday, April 15, 2011

Povestiri din Rajahstan 46. Fortul Rosu din Agra / Stories of Rajahsthan 46. Red Fort, Agra

It is a pity to come to Agra to see only Taj Mahal! There are also other monuments here but one which brought fame to Agra is the Red Fort. This was erected by Moghul emperor Akbar between 1565-1571, on the banks of river Yamuna, at 2.5 km from Taj Mahal. 


The place is part of UNESCO treasures since 1981. It may be visited daily, between 6-17.30. Entrance fee is 300 Rp/person, camera right included.

Many palaces inside like Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas or Khas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) or Jahangir Mahal, all speak to the visitors about the five Moghul emperor who lived here (Agra was once the capital of India): Humayan, Akbar, Jehangir si Shah Jahan, Aurangazeb. 

The constructions erected by Akbar are of red sandstone, while those of Jehangir and Shah Jahan are of white marble.

There are still 206 km to Delhi, where our long journey will come to an end.

La 2.5 km de Taj Mahal se afla alt monument care face faima Agrei. Este Fortul Rosu, construit de Akbar - al treilea imparat mogul - intre 1565-1571, pe malurile raului Yamuna, ca simbol al puterii sale. Zidurile masive, turnurile si bastioanele sunt intr-adevar impresionante. De fapt, pe acest loc a existat o fortareata construita din caramizi de pamant, inca din secolul al X-lea. Akbar a reconstruit-o pentru acelasi rol de fortareata si abia mai tarziu a transformat-o in palat.

Cine viziteaza Agra doar pentru Taj Mahal, pierde mult daca nu vede si acest monument intrat in patrimoniu UNESCO in 1981. El poate fi vizitat zilnic intre 6-17.30. Intrarea costa 300 Rp/persoana.
Fosta capitala a Indiei, cinci imparati moguli au trait aici: Humayan, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan si Aurangazeb. Stilul mogul care a incorporat elemente hinduse si persane, se observa la tot pasul.
Intrarea in fort se face mai intai prin poarta Amar Singh si apoi prin poarta Akbar. Pentru a ingreuna avansarea dusmanului, acesta trebuia sa parcurga linii drepte si apoi in zig-zag, sistem pe care l-am intalnit si la alte forturi.
Poarta Amar Singh
 Poarta Akbar
Patrundem intr-o curte mare, unde se distinge cladirea de marmora alba, construita de Shah Jahan intre 1628-1635, numita Holul pentru audiente publice. Aici se afla tronul cu pauni, dus apoi la Delhi. Intalnirile cu demnitari aveau loc aici si tot aici erau ascultate diverse jalbe.
 marea curte interioara
 Diwan-i-Aam
Urcam un nivel si ne aflam la Diwan-i-Khas (Holul audientelor private) sau Khas Mahal si Anguri Bagh, construite intre 1631-1640. Acesta e un palat regal, aflat in complexul haremului. Are terase deschise, curti interioare, fantani si o cascada. Khas Mahal are cele mai frumoase picturi pe marmora din intregul complex.
 Khas Mahal
 Anghuri Bagh
Fiului si nepotului lui Akbar, Jahangir si Shah Jahan, le placea mai mult marmora alba si, de aceea, au demolat multe dintre cladirile lui Akbar din gresie rosie, inlocuindu-le cu palate albe. Tot aici se afla si Sheesh Mahal sau Palatul cu Oglinzi, construit de Shah Jahan intre 1631-1640, ca palat de vara. Fantanile, legate intre ele prin canale, indica faptul ca era utilizat ca baie regala, decorata cu bucati de sticla si oglinda. Interiorul fiind intunecat, era nevoie de lumina artificiala. Flacara lumanarilor facea sa sclipeasca sticla de pe pereti, dand un aspect feeric. Chiar in aceste zile, canalul Travel difuzeaza un frumos documentar despre Rajahstan, unde chiar se demonstreaza acest efect al lumanarilor.

Khas Mahal si Sheesh Mahal prezinta frumoase ferestre de tip jhali, care dadeau spre o gradina cu vita de vie. Pe celelalte trei laturi ale gradinii se aflau locuintele femeilor, zenana.
 Sheesh Mahal
 vedere spre zenana
De la acest nivel putem vedea si raul Yamuna, dincolo de meterezele fortului. Pe o terasa se afla Takht-i-Jahangir, tronul lui Jahangir construit in 1602, impodobit cu inscriptii persane.
Musamman Burj, un turn octogonal cu un pavilion deschis, a fost construit tot de catre Shah Jahan pentru sotia sa Mumtaz. Cand mai tarziu, in timpul luptelor pentru putere, a fost luat prizonier de catre fiul sau Aurangazeb si condamnat sa ramana in fort, si-a petrecut aici mare parte din timp, privind in zare spre Taj Mahal.
Moti Masjid sau Moscheea Perla este o mica moschee privata, pentru doamnele din harem. Cladirea are trei domuri in forma de bulb, care au la baza petale de lotus.
 Moti Masjid
De pe terasa, coboram intr-o parte mai veche a fortului, Jahangir Mahal, construita din gresie rosie, intr-un amestec de stil persan cu cel local, hindus. In fata sa se afla Jahangir Hauz, un vas imens, din 1610, cu trepte pe exterior si in interior. Vasul era mobil pentru a fi deplasat dupa trebuinta, pentru scaldat.
 Jahangir Mahal, interior
Jahangir Hauz
Jahangir Mahal, exterior
Ne indreptam spre poarta de iesire, unde vedem si un plan al fortului. Cateva maimute se joaca in iarba, spre deliciul turistilor. Afara, cateva tarabe cu fructe. Arunc o ultima privire in urma si apoi ne grabim spre masina. Mai sunt 206 km pana la Delhi, unde calatoria noastra se incheie.

22 comments:

magda said...

Oooo, GREAT photos, GREAT buildings!!!
This trip was life-trip and I thank you, who shared with us!
Greetings

ruma said...

Thank you World-wide LOVE.
and, your encouragement.

Switch from atomic/notclear energy to Nature energy.
We will walk the way in the near future.

From Japan, ruma

Traveling Hawk said...

Thank you, Magda, for all the support you offered me during this photo journey!

Traveling Hawk said...

God bless the world, Ruma! May be we, people, will find the wisdom to do this!

*The Old Geezer said...

Fantastic photos and very interesting historical and cultural information.

Randy said...

What an amazing journey you are on. The sights are wonderful and I can only imagine the sounds are just as great.

Traveling Hawk said...

Old Geezer, thanks!

Traveling Hawk said...

Randy, usually there are the sounds of crowds. Only in places like Jaswant Thada or Galta Temple I heard birds singing, water flowing, etc.

gitwizard said...

Beautiful photos! I especially like the one showing the family group crouching on the ground.

Traveling Hawk said...

Thank you for the visit and comment, gitwizard! You are welcome to come again!

joo said...

Another fabulous place and another fantastic post!
Have a nice weekend:)

Traveling Hawk said...

Yes, Joo, practically, here ends our journey. In the next post I'll say some words about the Delhi airport.
I hope you enjoyed to travel with me. Stay here, I am preparing for another trip, which I hope will be as wonderful as this one :)

VP said...

After the Taj Mahal, another legendary place!

Life Ramblings said...

such a fabulous fort. thanks for sharing these photos. i was not able to visit this place while in Agra as i didn't have much time left.

Traveling Hawk said...

In my opinion, this one is as wonderful as Taj Mahal, VP! It deserves our interest.

Traveling Hawk said...

Life Ramblings, is exactly what I wrote: many tourists do not reserve time for the fort and it is a pity. It is an objective which derserves a visit, it is quite impressive!

Doug Hickok said...

Fabulous images of such exotic and beautiful settings. I love the warm colors of the stone especially. Have you ever seen the movie "The fall"? Some of these locales I think are in this film. Fascinating.

Traveling Hawk said...

No, I haven't, Doug, but I agree with you that the place is special.

Rizalenio said...

If these walls could talk, what would be the stories that they'd tell? These are grand. Very very beautiful.

Traveling Hawk said...

There will be 1001 nights tales, Rizalenio!

Victor said...

fortul roşu chiar că mi se pare impresionnt, şi parcă mai robust, mai coerent...
da,... sunt, au fost, o mare, mare cultură şi civilizaţie...

Traveling Hawk said...

Multumesc pentru comment, Victor!