Friday, May 20, 2011

Momente din Seul 8. Putina istorie, la Muzeul National / Seoul Moments 8. A Little Bit of History at the National Museum

Even if I do not always respect this when I am away, I consider that a visit to the National Museum of a country is essential to understand its history, culture, civilization. In Seoul, the National Museum is in the Yongsan district, famous among tourists for the electronics market. I cannot confirm, because I was not there. My two important objectives in Yongsan were the National Museum and the War Memorial. But in Yongsan there is a very good art museum too - Leeum Samsung - which I didn't visit because of lack of time. I already said: 6 days in Seoul are not enough for what it has to offer.

The National Museum has been opened, in this location, in 2005. It is the 6th biggest museum in the world, as surface occupied.I liked the surrounding space, the eco-bridge, the Reflection Pond in front of the museum.

The ground level houses important collection from the most important states which unite later on in a single state: Silla, Baekje, Goguryeo. Some of the artefacts are national treasures. One of the nicest piece is the ten storeys pagoda, built in 1348. At the basis, there are depicted scenes from The Journey to the West, one of the classical novel of Chinese literature. The Legend of theMonkey King movie was based on this novel. In 1909 the pagoda was taken to Japan and it was returned only in 1960.

While visiting the museum I was impressed to notice many groups of children, with their teachers. They were absorbed in discussions, explanations, drawing what they have just seen. It is a wonderful way to educate the young generation in the spirit of ancestor heritage. And when you see a 4-5 years old child in front of a computer with an interactive programme, you may rest assured that the future of that country is on good hands!

Chiar daca nu intotdeauna respect acest lucru cand sunt la fata locului, cred ca o vizita la Muzeul National ar trebui facuta in orice tara. Este locul in care te familiarizezi cel mai bine cu istoria si cultura acelui spatiu, te apropii mai mult de spiritul locului.

La Seul, Muzeul National se afla in zona numita Yongsan, vestita printre turisti in primul rand pentru piata de electronice de calitate si mai ieftine ca in alte parti, se spune. Nu pot confirma, fiindca nu am fost. In acest cartier am avut doua obiective interesante pentru mine: Muzeul National si Memorialul Razboiului. Ar fi fost si un al treilea, situat in partea dinspre cartierul Itaewon, pe care l-am ratat insa din lipsa de timp: Muzeul de Arta Leeum Samsung, un  muzeu privat, deschis in 2004, unul dintre cele mai bune din Seoul. Am mai spus: sase zile in Seul este prea putin fata de ceea ce are de oferit!

Muzeul National s-a deschis in aceasta locatie in 2005, el aflandu-se anterior in zona Gwanghwamun. Este cel mai mare muzeu din Asia si al 6-lea din lume in ceea ce priveste suprafata acoperita la sol: peste 28000 metri patrati. Din exterior, imaginea sa stilizata aminteste de o fortareata coreeana. Trebuie sa ma credeti pe cuvant fiindca lungimea sa de aproape jumatate de kilometru nu mi-a permis fotografierea in intregime, cu aparatul meu.

Mi-a placut zidul care inconjoara incinta, decorat in stil traditional, podul ecologic care dovedeste atentia coreenilor fata de natura si micul iaz din fata muzeului, cu pavilionul si podetul traditional.
 de la autobuz, spre intrare
zidul frumos ornamentat din jurul incintei
 un pod ecologic peste un torent artificial
Partea de la parter mi-a retinut cel mai mult atentia deoarece prezinta artefacte din cele trei regate importante pentru istoria tarii: Silla, Baeckje si Goguryeo. Dintre acestea, cateva sunt marcate drept comori nationale. Toate exponatele sunt insa remarcabile. Exista suficiente explicatii in limba engleza si pentru turistul din vest.
 vas in forma de calaret, 108-110, Silla - comoara nationala
 acoperamant pentru cap, sec. V, Silla, perioada celor Trei Regate
 ornament pentru coif, sec. V, Silla, perioada celor Trei Regate - comoara nationala
 coroana si cingatoare, 108-110, Silla - comori nationale
 arzator pentru miresme, Baeckje- comoara nationala
 ceramica, sec. III
 harta Regatului Ryukyu, perioada Joseon
 figura zodiacala din piatra (Maimuta), sec. VIII, Silla unificata
 regii ceresti, cca. 670, Silla unificata
stella perceptorului budhist Wollang (816-883)
Un exponat valoros din muzeu este pagoda cu zece etaje, datand din perioada Goryeo, mai precis 1348, al patrulea an al domniei regelui Chungmok, cand a fost plasata la manastirea Gyeongcheonsa. Pagoda este cioplita in marmora alba si are o inaltime de 13.5 m. La baza sa sunt sculptate scene din romanul The Journey to the West. Publicat mai intai anonim, pe la 1590, in timpul dinastiei Ming, este unul dintre romanele clasice ale literaturii chineze. Poate ati vazut versiunea cinematografica, Legenda Regelui Maimuta?!

In 1909 pagoda a fost dusa la Tokyo, fiind returnata abia in 1960.
 Nu doar exteriorul impresioneaza la acest muzeu ci si interiorul luminos, aerisit.
Si m-a mai impresionat ceva, ceva ce am intalnit apoi peste tot: in muzee, palate, temple. Foarte multe grupuri de copii, de diverse varste, insotiti de dascalii lor! Primeau explicatii, isi notau in carnetele, desenau ce au vazut, discutau. Erau atat de absorbiti de ceea ce faceau, incat nu ii deranja nici cel care se apropia ca sa ii fotografieze...

Un mod minunat de a educa generatia viitoare in spiritul traditiei, al dragostei fata de ceea ce este mostenirea stramosilor. Un obicei pierdut la noi, se pare. N-am mai vazut de multa vreme grupuri de prescolari sau elevi prin astfel de obiective. Poate ar trebui sa revenim...

Si cand vezi o mogaldeata de 4-5 ani la calculatorul cu programe interactive, stii ca viitorul acelei tari este in maini bune!


18 comments:

joo said...

You always provide us with such amazing photos and informations!
I'm not a great admirer of museums, but agree with you that it's essential to visit at least the national ones!
Have a nice weekend:)

VP said...

They really know how to show their heritage, I like the pictures with the kids sitting in circles...

Traveling Hawk said...

Thank you, Joo! A nice weekend to you too:)

Traveling Hawk said...

It's a very well organised museum, VP!

J_on_tour@jayzspaze said...

Very interesting post and profound statements about visiting national museums, I like your use of flowers in your earlier pictures of the post and it has to be said that there are some most unusual artifacts in the museum. I must catch up with your earlier post from Seoul when I get back home.

Traveling Hawk said...

Thank you, J_on-tour, for the comment! My trip to Seoul was very rewarding and I hope to pass this message in my posts, through text and photos:)

VertAnge said...

Ma bucur ca s-a intors pagoda din Tokyo. Pe mine ma irita foarte tare "confiscarea" obiectelor de patrimoniu de catre o alta tara. :)
Cat despre picii veniti la muzeu...merg si la noi, dar majoritatea doar o singura data, pentru ca muzeele noastre nu prea au sectiuni interactive, jocuri creative si povesti interesante care sa ii fascineze pe cei mici.

Traveling Hawk said...

Subscriu la prima parte, VertAnge, si multumesc pentru precizarea la a doua parte, fiindca eu nu am mai vazut de mult asa sau cel putin nu in masura in care am vazut acolo.

Joop Zand said...

Lovely shots and good information, you have made very very very much pictures on your last trip..... thanks for sharing.

Greetings, Joop

Traveling Hawk said...

That's true, Joop Zand, I did a lot! Thank you for the visit.

Greetings from Romania!

magda said...

Priceless treasures!!!
Great photos!!!!
I thank you very much for the interesting tour!
Many greetings

Traveling Hawk said...

You are welcome, Magda! The museum was very interesting, with exquisite pieces.

Randy said...

Great artwork. I would love to visit this place.

Duncan D. Horne said...

Yep, there never seems to be enough time when visiting another country. We take but a small piece of it. When will you be returning to Korea?

Duncan In Kuantan

Traveling Hawk said...

Thank you, Randy!

Traveling Hawk said...

Probably never, unfortunately, Duncan! I am at an age and physical condition, associated with material resources, when it is "first and last time", if I want to see a little bit more of this world. I will not be able to travel long distances more than 1-2 years. For these reasons I have to choose carefully my destinations. Otherwise, I would go to Seoul again soon:)

Rocs said...

Era aproape sa sar peste acest post, citisem in titlu "Muzeul de Istorie Naturala" - si am oroare de acele muzee!!! (Sechele de la muzeul Antipa, de cand eram mica, cred...)
In alta ordine de idei, si noi eram dusi la muzee prin scoala generala, la fel notam si eram entuziasmati si atenti (sau eu una, chiar eram), insa nu stiu cati din noi erau bucurosi ca erau intr-un muzeu, cat pentru excursia in sine care avea ca obiect principal acel muzeu...

Traveling Hawk said...

Multumesc pentru rabdarea de a citi postarea, Rocs!

Si eu mergeam cu scoala la muzee dar parca totul era altfel, eram multi si galagiosi, nu toti erau atenti, etc.